Higher education in Malaysia is tertiary education in the national education system that is directly regulated by the Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE). It includes post-secondary education up to higher education. Malaysian tertiary education provides a diverse selection of academic credentials, as well as skill training certifications that are beyond the MOHE's purview. Post-secondary education (e.g. Form Six, matriculation program) is for students who have completed 11 years of education and lasts one to one-and-a-half years. It prepares students for pre-university exams such as the Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM), GCE 'A' levels, and matriculation certificate.
A basic admission requirement for a bachelor's degree at a higher educational institution is a pre-university qualification. Under MOHE, several public colleges and private higher educational institutions offer post-secondary education. However, the Ministry of Education's post-secondary schools and matriculation colleges are the primary providers of post-secondary education (MOE). Higher education includes all stages of study, including degree, diploma, undergraduate, and postgraduate. Colleges, polytechnics, and universities are the institutions that offer higher education. Bachelor's degrees and advanced studies are part of undergraduate studies, while master's degrees and doctoral degrees are part of postgraduate studies. Students with SPM qualifications (equivalent to GCSE 'O' levels) can start higher education at the certificate and diploma levels at the age of 17, whereas students with post-secondary qualifications such as the STPM (equivalent to GCE 'A' levels) or pre-university or university foundation qualifications can start at the bachelor degree level at the age of 19 or 20. These degree programs typically take three to five years to complete. Students will pursue postgraduate studies after earning a bachelor's degree.
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