A review paper about major problems of crops yield reduction in Pakistan.



As an overall review, agriculture contributes 21% of total GDP of the country and provides employment to more than 48.4% of total work force of the country (Azam & Shafique, 2017). Cropping sector has 60% of the total agriculture contribution to the GDP while the livestock and forestry accounts for 40%. Water deficiency and drought conditions, long duration load shedding issue, poor extension services, absence of land reforms, absence of distribution of certified varieties, high price of fertilizers, deliberate use of adulterated, non-recommended and expired insecticides, non utilization of cultivable waste land, conventional farming practices, indirect access of farmer to main market, absence of ecological based cropping pattern, smuggling of agricultural inputs and outputs, lack of cooperation between agricultural research, education & extension services, absence of crop insurance, depletion of forests, lack of modern post-harvest technologies and disease outbreaks of poultry birds are some of the key issues that are playing a negative role in demotion of agricultural sector in Pakistan.