ABSTRACT: Agriculture continues to be the backbone of the Indian economy and a key source of income for rural households, mostly small and marginal farmers, who also provide the security of food and nutrition. These farmers experience numerous issues with loans, input availability, proper market integration, and other issues. The use of drudgery reduction technologies by women farmers is lagging behind and hence the nutrition and well-being of farmer families. Indian agriculture made unique contributions to both food security and employment security. Over half of our population depends on it for their livelihoods, reducing poverty as a result. Particularly noteworthy is the sector's contribution to the supply of food grains, fruits, and vegetables. Food grain, fruit, and vegetable output reached roughly 265 and 280 million tonnes, respectively, last decade, making the sector's contribution to the supply of these items particularly notable. The current study focuses on the national policies that range from yield to overall farmer productivity and food security to nutrition security. The importance of sustainable agriculture in ensuring India's food security in a world with climate constraints would be made clearer.
Keywords: Small and marginal farmer land holding, sustainable employment food grain.